IURD Visiting Scholars Roundtable:
Neighborhoods on Transition, the Challenge
Tuesday, December 10, 2013
3 - 4 PM
316D Wurster Hall (IURD Conference Room)
Speaker: Mohammad Mehdi Azizi, Professor, School of Urban Planning, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran
Neighborhood issue may have a dominant role within the recent debates on urban planning, such as sustainable development, compact cities, urban consolidation and smart growth. Most of these debates have devoted to urban planning improvement at the city level, while neighborhoods can be the ultimate destinations. Sustainable development at the scale of neighborhoods requires further consideration and research. Changes in economic, social, environmental and physical factors have had significant negative impacts on the neighborhood efficiency in fulfilling residential requirements. In the context of policy for density increase, the main concern is the issue of carrying capacity at the neighborhood level. Decisions on density increase may have negative impacts on carrying capacity in neighborhood, resulting in the daily life of residents. Carrying capacity of a neighborhood requires the recognition and evaluation of many issues.
Some established neighborhoods are known as identified, lively and in general, sustainable neighborhoods, such as many neighborhoods in Tehran. This research is an effort towards examining sustainable neighborhood development aspects, using a case study in Tehran. It is assumed that the principles and criteria of a sustainable neighborhood would be observed in these neighborhoods, such as identity, liveliness, reliance, symbolization, security, accessibility and conveniences. However, there is a serious concern regarding its sustainability in near future. The density of neighborhoods has been increased remarkably in recent years, likely to reach their thresholds, neighborhood decline, losing their identity and quality of life. While there are many sustainable neighborhoods having such futures, what is the planning response to this conflict, the needs of density increase and neighborhood quality?
RECEPTION AFTER ROUNDTABLE
Tuesday, December 3
4 - 5 PM
316D Wurster Hall
Refreshments and snacks will be provided. Please feel free to bring a dish to share!
Associate Professor Jason Corburn won the United Nations Association of the East Bay's Global Citizen Award for his work improving water, sanitation and public health in the urban informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya. Read more
Transit and Land-Use Integration for Sustainable Urban Development
Co-authored by IURD Director Robert Cervero, along with Hiroaki Suzuki and Kanako Iuchi, now available from the World Bank.
"Transforming Cities with Transit' explores the complex process of transit and land-use integration in rapidly growing cities in developing countries. As one of the most promising strategies for advancing environmental sustainability, economic competitiveness, and socially inclusive development in fast-growing cities, transit and land-use integration is increasingly being embraced by policy-makers at all levels of government. This book focuses on identifying barriers to and opportunities for effective coordination of transport infrastructure and urban development. Global best-case practices of transit-oriented metropolises that have direct relevance to cities in developing countries are first introduced. Key institutional, regulatory, and financial constraints that hamper integration and opportunities to utilize transit to guide sustainable urban development are examined in selected cities in developing countries. For this, the book analyzes their Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems and their impact on land development. The book formulates recommendations and implementation strategies to overcome barriers and take advantage of opportunities. It asserts that unprecedented opportunities have and will continue to arise for the successful integration of transit and land development in much of the developing world. Many cities in developing countries currently exhibit the pre-requisites - e.g., rapid growth, rising real incomes, and increased motorization and congestion levels - for BRT and railway investments to trigger meaningful land-use changes in economically and financially viable ways. Recommendations for creating more sustainable cities of the future range from macro-level strategies that influence land development and governance at the metropolitan scale to micro-level initiatives, like Transit Oriented Development (TOD), that can radically transform development patterns at the neighborhood level. The book will be of interest to a wide and diverse audience, including mayors, council members and other national and local policy makers, urban and transportation planners, transit-agency officials, and developers and staff of development financial institutions and others involved with TOD projects in rapidly growing and motorizing cities of the developing world."
The California Air Resources Board (ARB) selected a project led by a team of UC Berkeley researchers composed of IURD Associate Director Karen Chapple and IURD faculty affiliates Daniel Chatman and Paul Waddell and a team led by Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris and Paul Ong of the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs to develop ways to measure and predict the potential displacement of low-income communities of color as a result of increasing investment in transit-oriented development (TOD). The proposal is titled Developing a New Methodology for Analyzing Potential Displacement.
The award was announced at the ARB's June 27 meeting, where a total of 11 research projects was approved.
This project is housed in the Policy Impacts and Investment Research Cluster of IURD's Sustainable and Inclusive Regions Initiative: SIRI.
Featured Faculty Research
IURD Faculty Affiliate and Assistant Professor of City and Regional Planning
(Funded by the California Air Resources Board, with Randall Crane of UCLA, Karen Chapple of UC Berkeley, and J.R. DeShazo of UCLA).
This project is a study of how smart growth strategies likely to be adopted under SB 375 will influence economic costs and benefits among different groups in California, with a focus on municipalities and households. Smart growth strategies aim to reduce sprawl and counter the effects of population growth on global climate change. They include imposing urban growth boundaries, reforming zoning codes to allow denser development, reducing off-street parking requirements, re-zoning underused industrial land for residential uses, deregulating in-law units, subsidizing dense housing near transit stops, and improving public transit.
(Funded by the Transit Cooperative Research Program of the National Academy of Sciences; with Robert Cervero of UC Berkeley and Don Emerson of Parsons Brinckherhoff, and current and former DCRP students Ian Carlton, Emily Moylan, Erick Guerra, Dana Weissman, Jin Murakami, and Paolo Ikezoe, with contributions from Dan Tischler, Daniel Means, Sandra Winkler, Kevin Sheu, and Joe Zissman).
This study was undertaken to develop a relatively sophisticated data-driven “indicator-based” method for predicting the potential success of proposed light rail and heavy rail transit services in the United States. The research was focused on two measures of usage as compared to projected capital cost: project-level ridership, and regionwide person miles traveled (PMT). The study team assembled a geographically detailed station-level database of nearly all recently developed light and heavy rail projects in the United States: about 55 projects from 27 metropolitan areas, along with supplementary information and guidance from elite interviews and focus groups, and six case studies. The goal was a method that would predict the likelihood of project success based on the conditions present in the corridor and within the metropolitan area as a whole, including industry-specific employment information, parking prices and availability, levels of road congestion, and other spatial measures ranging from the station-area level to the level of the metropolitan region.